What are liquidity pools?

What Are Liquidity Pools?

Grow the Empire

The risks of entering a market with little liquidity are something that any experienced trader in either traditional or cryptocurrency market can inform you of. Slippage is a concern when trying to enter or exit any trade, whether it be with a low cap cryptocurrency or penny stock. Slippage is the discrepancy between a trade’s anticipated price and the price at which it is actually executed. Slippage can also happen when a large order is filled but there isn’t enough volume at the chosen price to maintain the bid-ask spread. It happens most frequently during times of higher volatility.


What Is a Crypto Liquidity Pool?

A pool of digital tokens protected by a smart contract is referred to as a liquidity pool. These tokens offer the crucial liquidity that decentralized exchanges need. The ease with which one can exchange one crypto token for another is referred to as “liquidity.” Because there are so many financial transactions taking place within the DeFi ecosystem, such simplicity is crucial. 

Although there are many liquidity pools in the decentralized trading industry, only a small number of them have become the investors’ preferred option.

Without the need to find a direct counterparty, liquidity pools make sure that buy and sell orders are filled at any time of day and at any price you choose to trade. To ensure this, the system makes use of an Automated Market Maker (AMM). To purchase a token, you won’t need to locate a vendor. All that is required is adequate pool liquidity. The AMM makes sure that the price adjusts in accordance with its algorithm whenever a token swap takes place. No matter the size of the trade, the algorithm makes sure that there is always liquidity in the pool.


The Role of Crypto Liquidity Pools in DeFi

In the decentralized finance (DeFi) ecosystem, cryptocurrency liquidity pools are crucial, especially for decentralized exchanges (DEXs). Users can pool their assets in a DEX’s smart contracts to create liquidity pools, which offer asset liquidity for traders to trade between currencies. The DeFi ecosystem benefits from liquidity pools, which give it the liquidity, speed, and convenience it needs. 

Prior to the advent of automated market makers (AMMs), Ethereum-based DEXs struggled to find liquidity in the cryptocurrency market. There were few buyers and sellers at the time, DEXs were a new technology with a complicated interface, so it was challenging to find enough people willing to trade frequently.

Without the use of intermediaries, AMMs create liquidity pools and provide liquidity providers with incentives to contribute assets to these pools. This fixes the issue of limited liquidity. Trading on decentralized exchanges becomes easier as a pool of assets and liquidity increases.


How Do Crypto Liquidity Pools Work?

The design of a functional crypto liquidity pool must encourage crypto liquidity providers to stake their assets in the pool. As a result, the majority of liquidity providers receive trading commissions and cryptocurrency rewards from the exchanges where they pool tokens.

Users will receive liquidity provider (LP) tokens when they provide liquidity to a pool. For example, let’s assume that we are adding an EMPIRE/BNB liquidity pair to Goosebumps, Empire’s upcoming DEX. Once you’ve added the pair into the liquidity pool, you will receive the LP token, which will be named as something like “Goose-LP.”

It’s important to keep this LP token securely in your wallet as you will need it later to get back your BNB and Empire tokens. The LP tokens of the liquidity provider must be destroyed in order for them to receive their contributed liquidity back (along with any accrued fees from their portion). 

AMM algorithms, which maintain the price of tokens relative to one another within any specific pool, allow liquidity pools to maintain fair market values for the tokens they hold. Different liquidity pools may employ slightly different algorithms. For instance, many DEX platforms and Goosebumps liquidity pools use a constant product formula to maintain price ratios. This algorithm controls the price and ratio of the corresponding tokens as the quantity demanded rises, ensuring that a pool consistently provides liquidity for the cryptocurrency market.


Why Are Crypto Liquidity Pools Important?

Depending on the bid-ask spread for the asset at any given time, low liquidity can result in increased slippage and trading prices that are significantly higher than the initial market order price. 

By offering users themselves incentives to provide cryptocurrency liquidity in exchange for a cut of trading commissions, liquidity pools seek to address the issue of illiquid markets. Trading using buyer-and-seller matching is not necessary when using liquidity pool protocols like Goosebumps. In the case of Empire, our tokenomics is set to automatically put a portion of the transaction taxes we receive back into our liquidity pool to sustain stability. This indicates that users can easily exchange their assets and tokens using the liquidity offered by users and conducted through smart contracts.

Liquidity pool is a crucial part of DeFi. It benefits in various DeFi activities, including trading, crypto yield farming, lending, arbitrage trading, and profit-sharing, despite having some drawbacks.